One of the latest revolutionising ideas of this generation is undisputedly is organic farming.
The reason is simple: food is essential for human survival!
The large use of conventional method has led to loss of soil productivity. Hence India once again finds itself in a situation where food crisis may occur, though the possibility remains bleak but a sharp rise in prices of food products is expected.How to tackle this?
Organic Farming holds the key.
The current trend suggests that the idea of organic farming is quite popular.
What is Organic Farming?
It’s basically a scientific method of farming which uses natural and eco friendly methods over conventional methods. Efficient crop rotation is used to preserve the natural nutrients and fertility, also organic manure is used instead of synthetic or chemical products. Testing of soil also enable us to determine what crop will give maximum output.
Advantages of Organic Farming:
Organic food is healthy and has high nutrient content. This is clearly evident as doctors suggest organic food to their patients.
Low cost of production: High costing chemical products are not used hence effective cost is less. Organic fertilizer is used instead of chemical one. Natural weed and insect repellents are used to avoid harm to the crops.
Soil conservation: Top soil is retained due to efficient crop rotation and management. Crop rotation allows the soil to get the nutrients for the next crop from the previous one. Mixed farming is cultivating different types of crops in the same patch of land.
Water conservation: Conservation of water is possible as water usage is very less. HYV seeds absorb a very large amount of water. So using water efficient variety of seeds makes farming easier and efficient and gives low pressure to the water sources.
Organic food is increasing in demand.
Disadvantages of Organic Farming:
Labour intensive:Organic farming to be successful, a lot of hard work is required. Constant care of the crop is required. Regulation of nutrients and water requirement of the plants along with pest control is extremely necessary.
High cost of organic products: Despite low production cost. The consumers have to pay more for organic products. Preserving organic food is costly. Marketing and labour charges contribute to its price rise.
Organic farming may have some disadvantages but its advantages outweigh them. It is not only beneficial for our health but is also to the environment. This may be small but certainly has a future that can change the course of agriculture itself.
But organic farming, as the state of Sikkim has shown, is a very effective alternative. It reduces the cost of production for the farmers and at the same time, ensures quality and harmless food for the consumer to have. All in all, it is a win-win situation for everybody involved. The sooner the organic farming model spreads itself all across the country, the better it will be; for it will ensure a healthier nation. And a healthy India means healthy manpower that can help the nation realize its goal of being recognized as a global superpower.